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A list of reasons that necessitate the performance of a ghusul (Islamic Bath)

Here is a concise list (1) of reasons that necessitate the performance of a ghusul (Islamic Bath):

1. If a Muslim man ejaculates due to desires, even lustful thoughts, he must take a ghusul.

2. Penetration necessitates that both Muslim men and Muslim women take a ghusul.

3. When a Muslim woman’s menstrual cycle ceases, she must take a ghusul.

4. When a Muslim woman’s postpartum bleeding ceases, she must take a ghusul.

5. Sexual dreams, that are accompanied by the sight of moisture upon awakening, necessitate a ghusul.

6. A group of Muslims must perform a ghusul on the body of a deceased Muslim.

7. Upon the acceptance of Islam, a new Muslim must take a ghusul (2).


(1): See “Radiant Pearls of Jurisprudence”.

(2): Shaykh Zayd al-Madkhalee supports this position in his explanation of “Radiant Pearls of Jurisprudence”.

Translated by Jameel Finch

A Few Sunan Regarding ‘Eīd-ul-Fiṭr |

✒ *Benefit | A Few Sunan Regarding ‘Eīd-ul-Fiṭr | Please Act Upon Them*

A few Sunan regarding ‘Eīd-ul-Fiṭr are as follows:

• *Reciting Takbeer*:

It is Mustaḥabb (recommended) to recite Takbeer from the night of ‘Eid (i.e after sunset on the last day of Ramaḍān) onwards until the Imām comes out to lead the prayer.

The format of the Takbeer is as follows:

الله أكبر الله أكبر ، لا اله الا الله ، الله أكبر ، الله أكبر ولله الحمد

‘Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar, Laa Ilaaha Illallaahu, Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar, Wa Lillaahil-Ḥamd’

(Allāh is Most Great, Allāh is Most Great, there is no god except Allāh, Allāh is Most Great, Allāh is Most Great, and all praise be to Allāh).

Sh. Ibn al-‘Uthaymeen Raḥimahullāh mentioned: “.. As for congregational Takbeer in unison, *THIS IS NOT FROM THE SUNNAH*. Rather, everyone is to make the Takbeer individually. With this Takbeer, it is legislated for men to raise their voices with it. As for the women, they are *NOT TO RAISE THEIR VOICES*.”

(Translated and originally posted by Br. Raha b. Donald Batts)

● [نور على الدرب ٣٥٥]

Sh. Ibn ‘Uthaymeen Raḥimahullāh: “Takbeer of ‘Eīd begins with sunset on the last day of Ramaḍān until Imām comes out for ‘Eīd prayer.”

● [مجموع الفتاوى ٢٥٩/١٦]

Imām Ibn Abī Shaybah Raḥimahullāh narrated with a Ṣaḥeeḥ Isnād that az-Zuhrī said: “The people used to recite Takbeer on ‘Eid day when they came out of their houses until they came to the prayer place, and until the Imām came out. When the Imām came out they fell silent, and when he said Takbeer they said Takbeer.”

● [إرواء الغليل ١\١٢١]

• *Taking Ghusl*:

It is established from the Companion Ibn ‘Umar Raḍi-Allāhu ‘Anhumā that he used to bathe *ON THE MORNING* of ‘Eīd day.

The Tābi’ee Sa’eed b. al-Musayyib Raḥimahullāh said: “The Sunan of ‘Eīd-ul-Fiṭr are three: Walking to the prayer-ground, eating before going out and taking a bath.”

● [إرواء الغليل ٣\١٠٤]

Sh. Ibn al-‘Uthaymeen Raḥimahullāh said: “Some of the scholars regarded it as Mustaḥabb (recommended) to take Ghusl for the ‘Eid prayer, because it is narrated that some of the Salaf did this, this is also the opinion of ‘Alī b. Abī Ṭālib Raḍi-Allāhu ‘Anhu.”

● [إرواء الغليل ١٤٦ ، صححه الألباني]

• *Eating Odd Number Of Dates Before Leaving For Prayer*:

Reported by Imām al-Bukhārī from Anas b. Mālik Raḍi-Allāhu ‘Anhu who said: “The Messenger of Allāh ﷺ never used to go out on the morning of ‘Eīd-ul-Fiṭr until he had eaten some dates… of which he would eat *AN ODD NUMBER* (i.e eating 3, 5, 7, or 9 dates before leaving for ‘Eīd prayer).”

● [رواه البخاري ٩٥٣]

• *Going For Ṣalāh (Prayer) From One Route And Coming Back From Another*:

“When Allāh’s Messenger ﷺ would go out on the day of ‘Eid by one route, he would return by another.”

● [جامع الترمذي ٥٤١]

• *’Eīd Prayer Is Obligatory Upon Believing Men And Women As Per The Strong Opinion*:

Sh. Ibn al-‘Uthaymīn Raḥimahullāh commented: “The Muslims are unanimously agreed that the ‘Eid prayer is prescribed in Islām, some say that it is Farḍ-e-Kifāyah (a communal obligation) and some say that it is Farḍ-e-‘Ayn (an individual obligation), and that not praying it, is a sin.”

● [مجموع الفتاوى ١٦\٢١٦-٢٢٣]

• *Wearing Your Best Clothes*:

Sh. Ibn al-‘Uthaymīn Raḥimahullāh said: “You should wear your best clothes – this is for men. With regards to women, they *SHOULD NOT WEAR BEAUTIFUL CLOTHES* when they go out to the ‘Eid prayer place, because the Prophet ﷺ said: ‘Let them go out looking decent’ i.e. in their *REGULAR CLOTHES* that are *NOT* fancy. *IT IS ḤARĀM* for them (i.e women) to go out wearing perfume and makeup.”

● [مجموع الفتاوى ١٦\٢١٦-٢٢٣]

Note: Also It is known that the companion Ibn ‘Umar would dress in his best clothes for the two ‘Eids as reported by Ibn Ḥajar Raḥimahullāh in his Fatḥ-ul-Bārī (2/439).

• *Greeting After The Prayer Of ‘Eīd-ul-Fiṭr*:

It was narrated that Jubayr b. Nufayr Raḍi-Allāhu ‘Anhu said: “When the Companions of the Prophet ﷺ met one another on the day of ‘Eid, they would say to one another, ‘Taqabbal-Allaahu Minnaa Wa Minkum’ (May Allāh accept (good deeds) from us and from you).”

● [وقال ابن حجر رحمه الله : إسناده حسن ، أنظر : الفتح ٢/٤٤٦]

• *Praying Two Rak’āt (units) After Returning Home From ‘Eīd Prayer*:

From Abū Sa’eed al-Khudree Raḍi-Allāhu ‘Anhu who said: “The Messenger of Allāh ﷺ would *NOT PRAY ANYTHING BEFORE* the ‘Eīd prayer then when he returned to his house (after prayer), he would pray 2 units (Rak’āt).”

● [رواه ابن ماجه ١٢٩٣ ، صححه الحاكم وحسنه ابن حجر والألباني رحمهم الله]

⚠ *IMPORTANT NOTE*: This is an abandoned Sunnah (سنة مهجورة), so revive it please, Imām al-Ḥākim used to say regarding it هذه سنة عزيزة (This is a noble Sunnah). ⚠

Doubt/Misconception 01: Attending the Places of Worship on the Day of ʿĪd Is Prohibited for the Menstruating Woman*

*Doubt/Misconception 01: Attending the Places of Worship on the Day of ʿĪd Is Prohibited for the Menstruating Woman*

Shaykh Ṣāliḥ ibn Fawzān al-Fawzān (حفظه الله) was asked: “O Shaykh, is the woman allowed to attend the ʿĪd prayer, even if she is menstruating?

He (حفظه الله) said:

“Yes, she may attend the ʿĪd prayer and listen to the khutbah, even if she is menstruating. She should, however, avoid the prayer area, as the Prophet (ﷺ) ordered in the Ḥadīth of Umm ʿAṭiyyah (رضي الله عنها): ‘We were ordered to take our mature women and virgin girls to the two ʿĪd prayer, but the menstruating women were ordered to avoid the prayer area.’”

● [حضور الحائض صلاة العيد]

Shaykh Muḥammad ibn Ṣāliḥ al-ʿUthaymīn (رحمه الله) was asked: “Is staying home or attending the ʿĪd prayer better for a woman?”

He (رحمه الله) said:

Attending the ʿĪd prayer is better for her because the Prophet (ﷺ) commanded the women to perform the ‘Īd prayer, even the mature women and the virgin girls, who seldom leave the house. He (ﷺ) also ordered the menstruating women to attend; however, he (ﷺ) commanded them to avoid the prayer area.

Therefore, the menstruating woman should leave her house with the other women, but she must avoid the prayer area as it is considered a masjid, and a menstruating woman isn’t allowed to stay in the prayer area. Although walking through the masjid or fulfilling some need is permissible for her, she shouldn’t remain in the masjid.

Therefore, we say: Women were commanded to participate in the ʿĪd prayer—just like the men were—because of what it contains from the remembrance of Allāh, supplication, and goodness [in general].

● [Majmū‘ Fatāwá wā Rasāʾil al-ʿUthaymīn, vol. 16, pg. 211]

A Series of Reminders About The Month of Ramaḍān – No.41

A Series of Reminders About The Month of Ramaḍān – No.41

*Adorning Oneself With The Best For The Night Of Qadr*

Ibn Rajab رحمه الله said: “During the nights which are hoped to be Laylatul Qadr cleanliness, dressing up, taking a bath (or shower), applying perfume, and wearing one’s best clothing is preferred. Just as it is legislated to do so for Jumu’ah and Īd, it’s also legislated to wear nice clothing to the other prayers; as Allāh said: “Take your adornment while praying.” • [8:31]

Ibn ‘Umar stated: “Allāh is more deserving of being adorned for.” Additionally, it is narrated from him and attributed to the Prophet ﷺ that, “outward adornment is not complete except with inner adornment; by repentance and turning back to Allāh Ta’āla.”

● [لطائف المعارف ص ١٨٩]

A Series of Reminders About The Month of Ramaḍān – No.40

A Series of Reminders About The Month of Ramaḍān – No.40

*Striving In The Last Ten Nights*

Sh. Sulaymān Ibn ‘Abd-Allāh Abā Al-Khayl حفظه الله إيمانه said: “The example for this Ummah and the best of them is the Prophet ﷺ. He used to give these nights consideration which he did not give to other (nights), just as he ﷺ singled it out for worship, different forms of obedience to Allāh and exerting himself more during this time:; which all illustrate their merit and nobility. ‘Ā’aisha رضي الله عنها said that the Prophet ﷺ would exert himself more so during the last ten nights of Ramaḍān than he would in other nights. She also narrated that once the last ten nights of Ramaḍān entered, the Prophet ﷺ would invigorate his nights in worship, awaken his family and tighten his Izār.”

● [وقفات مع شهر الصيام ص ١١٩]

A Series of Reminders About The Month of Ramaḍān – No.39

A Series of Reminders About The Month of Ramaḍān – No.39

*Peace Until the Emergence of Dawn*

Allāh said in the Qurʾān:

❝Peace it is until the emergence of dawn.❞ • [97:5]

Here are a few explanations on this āyah:

Mujāhid رحمه الله said: ❝The night of Qadr is a night of peace. No illness will occur in it nor will the Shayṭān be sent out in it (i.e. they will be chained).❞

He also said: ❝The Shayṭān will not be able to work his evil in that night, nor will he be able to work any harm.❞

Ibn ʿAbbās رضي الله عنه said: ❝In that night, the big jinn are chained, as well as the evil of jinns. The doors of heaven are opened entirely and Allāh will accept repentance for every person who is repentant. That is the meaning behind ‘Peace it is until the emergence of dawn.’❞

ʾUbayy b. Kʿab رضي الله عنه also mentioned: ❝The Shayṭān will not be able to inflict a single bit of greed, nor illness, nor strike any form of corruption in it. Nor will the magician be able to perform any magic therein.❞

● [لطائف المعارف ص 336-337]

A Brief Explanation of the Rulings of Zakat al-Fitr🌙

_*🌙 A Brief Explanation of the Rulings of Zakat al-Fitr🌙*_

*⏪• What is the ruling of Sadaqah al-Fitr? *

💬Shaikh Bin Baaz said:

Zakat al-Fitr is obligatory on every Muslim, old and young, male and female, weather he is free or if he is a slave.

📚 Al Fataawa (14/ 197)

*⏪• From what is Zakat al-Fitr to be given in?*

💬Shaikh Bin Baaz said:

It is to be given out as a measurement of food. That is a saa’a of dates or a saa’a of barley or a saa’a of raisins. Any of these types of food products is permissible. The scholars have also said, everything that the people of your particular land consider as their daily food such as rice or wheat or any grains etc.. is also permissible to be given as Zakat al-Fitr.

NOTE: A Saa’a is approximately 3 kilograms.

*⏪• When is the Zakat al-Fitr to be given out?*

💬Shaikh Bin Baaz said:

It is to be given out on the 28th day or the 29th day or the 30th. Even the night before the Eid Prayer, or the morning of the Eid but before the prayer.

📚Al Fataawa (14/32-33)

*⏪• What is the reason behind giving out Zakat al-Fitr?*

💬Shaikh al-Uthaymeen said:

To show your grateful for the blessings of Allah the Most-High on the Eid with breaking your fast from Ramadaan and it’s completion.

📚Al Fataawa (18-257)

*⏪•And who is this Zakat al-Fitr to be give to? *

💬Shaikh al-Uthaymeen said:

It is not to be give out to anyone except the poor.

📚Al Fataawa (18/259)

*⏪•What is the ruling on entrusting one’s children or other than them to pay his Zakat al-Fitr?*

💬Shaikh al-Uthaymeen said:

It is permissible to entrust one’s children to pay his Zakat al-Fitr for him when it is time. Even if at that time they send it from another country.

📚 Al Fataawa (18/262)

*⏪•Is it permissible for the one that is poor to entrust someone else to collect his Zakat al-Fitr?*

💬Shaikh al-Uthaymeen said:

That is permissible.

📚 Al Fataawa (18/268)

*⏪• Is there any specific dua or statement that one must say when he gives out his Zakat al-Fitr?*

💬We are not aware of any specific dua that one must say when he is distributing his Zakat al-Fitr.

📚The Permanent Committee of Scholars (9/3877)

*⏪• Is it permissible to give out the value of the weight of the food stock as your Zakat al-Fitr?*

💬Shaikh al-Uthaymeen said:

*🔊Giving the Zakat al-Fitr out as money is not permissible. Verily it has been specified as food.*

📚Al Fataawa (18/265)

*⏪• Is it necessary that the Zakat al-Fitr meets a certain quorum before you have to give it out?*

💬Shaikh Bin Baz said:

The Zakat al-Fitr does not have to meet any quorum, but it is mandatory on the Muslim to give it out on himself and everyone in his household, from his children and his wife and his slaves. If he has enough food for himself and all of them for a day and a night.

📚Al Fataawa (14/ 197)

*⏪• What is the specific amount for Zakat al-Fitr?*

💬Shaikh Bin Baz said:

That which is incumbent is a single saa’a from the food of that country. And that amount in kilograms is approximately 3 kilograms.

📚Al Fataawa (14/ 203)

*⏪• Is it permissible for the one paying his Zakat al-Fitr to give out in other than the land he resides?*

💬Shaikh Bin Baz said:

It is the Sunnah to dispence it amongst the needy in his own country. Because not sending out to other lands will help enrich the needy in his own country and ease their needs.

📚Al Fataawa (14/ 213)

*⏪• Does one have to pay Zakat al-Fitr on the servants in his house?*

💬Shaikh al-Uthaymeen said:

*1.* These servants in his house, Zakat al-Fitr is mandatory upon them if they are from the Muslims.

*2.* But the basis of this Zakat is that it is upon the servants. But if he pays for them when he pays for his family there is nothing wrong with this.

*⏪• Does one have to pay Zakat al-Fitr on the unborn child in the stomach of its mother?*

💬Shaikh al-Uthaymeen said:

One does not have to pay Zakat al-Fitr on the child carried in it’s mother’s stomach because it is not present. But you can if you prefer.

📚 Al Fataawa(18/263)

*⏪• Is it permissible to give Zakat al-Fitr to workers that are not Muslims?*

💬Shaikh al-Uthaymeen said:

No it is not permissible to give to anyone other than the needy from the Muslims.

📚 Al Fataawa (18-285)

*⏪•Is the Zakat al-Fitr of one person only to be given out to one other person or can it be given to a number of different people?*

💬It is permissible to give one’s Zakat al-Fitr to one person just as it is permissible to dispense it amongst a number of different people.

📚The Permanent Committee of Scholars (9/3777)

*⏪•What is the ruling on after one receives Zakat al-Fitr he sells it?*

💬If it was his right to receive it, then it is permissible for him to sell it after he received it.

📚 The Permanent Committee of Scholars (9/3800)

*⏪• What is the ruling on the one that delayed giving out his Zakat al-Fitr till after the Eid prayer without any justified excuse?*

💬Shaikh al-Uthaymeen said:

Delaying it until after the prayer is sinful and it is not accepted from him.

📚Al Fataawa (18-266).

Translated by:
Abu Yusuf Bílal ibn Howard Robinson

A Series of Reminders About The Month of Ramaḍān – No.38

A Series of Reminders About The Month of Ramaḍān – No.38

*The Rule For Openly Breaking One’s Fast Or Hiding It*

Shaykh Muḥammad Ṣāliḥ al-‘Uthaymīn رحمه الله said after mentioning some valid reasons that allow a person to break their fast:

“And whoever is allowed to break their fast for a reason that has proceeded, then he is not to be rebuked for openly breaking his fast, as long as the reason is apparent; such as a sick person, or the elderly one who is unable to fast. If however the reason is not apparent; such as the menses for a woman, or [eating] for the one who saved a life, then he/she should break their fast in secret and not break it openly; so as to not bring suspicion upon himself, and so the ignorant do not become deceived and think that it is allowed to break the fast without reason.

● [مجالس شهر رمضان ص ٥٨]

A Series of Reminders About The Month of Ramaḍān – No.37

A Series of Reminders About The Month of Ramaḍān – No.37

*Laylatul al-Qadr Moves Around The Last Ten Nights*

Shaykh Ibn Bāz رحمه الله stated: “Laylat al-Qadr moves around throughout the last ten nights and it is not always on one specific night from the ten. It may be the 21st night or the 23rd or the 25th or the 27th, which is the most likely of the nights; and it may be on the 29th, just as it may occur on the even numbered nights.

The Prophet ﷺ used to specify these nights by an increase in striving and exerting himself (in worship) which he did not do during the first twenty nights (in worship) which he did not do during the first twenty nights, and his Companions رضى الله عنهم and the Salaf after them used to revere these nights and diligently strive therein in various types of good deeds.”

● [الاختيارات الفقهية ص ٢٤٣]