The word نص has various meanings. It could take the meaning of reference, origin, exemplary example, evidence (daleel), clear proof (burhaan). However, the intent of نص in this topic is elevated speech. For example, if you were to say نص الشيء then it would mean رفعه, “He elevated it”.
Also, derived from this word is: منصة which means a podium, a place which is elevated above the rest of the room. Or you can say مكان منتص, meaning an elevated place. There is also the hadith of Ali رضي الله عنه:
((إذا بلغ النساء نص الحقاق)) يعني: منتهى بلوغ العقل.
Al-muhim, in this class we study speech that is of the highest quality in the Arabic language. We began with some Ayaat in the Quran then moved on to some ahadith. Now we are studying المعلقات السبع or الطوال السبع. These were poems written by poets in the time of jaahiliyyah.
These seven (there is some discrepancy in the number; some say 4 while others say 9) poems were the most eloquent lines written in their time. The Arabs at that time would write these poems in gold water and hang it on the Ka’bah – which is why they are called المعلقات.
These poems are important to study and understand because they are the key into understanding the balaagha or eloquence of the Quran. One who is deprived of understanding these poems will be deprived of attaining deep understanding of Quranic language. In fact, whenever ibn Abbas was unsure about a word, he would return back to these poems to aid him in understanding of the Quran.
The picture below is a portion of what we studied today. Subhanallah, I was just blown away at how our Shaykh explained these lines to show how eloquent, detailed, and precise the language is. It’s stuff like this that gets me extremely excited alhamdulillah. After this class, I’m seriously leaning towards Kulliyyah al-Lughah.
Extra Benefit. Ibn uthaymeen mentioned ibn Kathir said that the “Laamiyyah” of Abu Talib was deserving of being from these المعلقات because of its language. Towards the end of his “Laamiyyah” is the famous line of poetry when he said,
قَدْ عَلِمُوا أنَّ ابْنَنا لا مُكذَّبٌ
لَدَيْنا ، ولا يُعْنى بِقَوْلِ الأباطِلِ
Testifying that he knew that Prophet Muhammad was Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم.