Some benefits from yesterday’s lesson with Shaykh Abu ‘Abdurrahman Agial حفظه الله who was explaining the following hadeeth:
حَدَّثَنَا حِبَّانُ، أَخْبَرَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ، عَنْ يُونُسَ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ حُمَيْدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ مُعَاوِيَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ” مَنْ يُرِدِ اللَّهُ بِهِ خَيْرًا يُفَقِّهْهُ فِي الدِّينِ، وَاللَّهُ الْمُعْطِي وَأَنَا الْقَاسِمُ، وَلاَ تَزَالُ هَذِهِ الأُمَّةُ ظَاهِرِينَ عَلَى مَنْ خَالَفَهُمْ حَتَّى يَأْتِيَ أَمْرُ اللَّهِ وَهُمْ ظَاهِرُونَ ”.
Narrated Muawiya: Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “If Allah wants to do good for somebody, he makes him comprehend the Religion (i.e. Islam), and Allah is the Giver and I am Al-Qasim (i.e. the distributor), and this (Muslim) nation will remain victorious over their opponents, till Allah’s Order comes and they will still be victorious ”
(Sahih al-Bukhari #3116)
Ibn Baaz, Ibn Hajr (may Allah have mercy on them): The opposite of the hadith is true: if you see someone who does not have fiqh of hadeeth, or islam, or is not practising, that means Allah did not give him khayr.
Most people only relate financial gain with rizq; but money is rizq, a wife is rizq; children is rizq; ‘ilm is rizq (Allah gave you the ability to go deep inside the religion and understand, why not someone else? Especially when they have more tools than you to obtain it? Some people cannot understand a hadith while others are able to extract a 100 fawaa’id from it.)
Daleel for the fact that someone cannot have fiqh of the deen unless it is from Allah:
حَدَّثَنَا زُهَيْرُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، وَأَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ النَّضْرِ قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا هَاشِمُ بْنُ الْقَاسِمِ، حَدَّثَنَا
وَرْقَاءُ بْنُ عُمَرَ الْيَشْكُرِيُّ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ عُبَيْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ أَبِي يَزِيدَ، يُحَدِّثُ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، أَنَّوسلم أَتَى الْخَلاَءَ فَوَضَعْتُ لَهُ وَضُوءًا فَلَمَّا خَرَجَ قَالَ ” مَنْ وَضَعَ
هَذَا ” . فِي رِوَايَةِ زُهَيْرٍ قَالُوا . وَفِي رِوَايَةِ أَبِي بَكْرٍ قُلْتُ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ . قَالَ ” اللَّهُمَّ فَقِّهْهُ
Ibn ‘Abbas reported that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) came to privy and I placed for him water for ablution, When he came out he said: Who placed it here? And in a version of Zubair they (the Companions) said, and in the version of Abu Bakr (the words are): I said: It is Ibn ‘Abbas (who has done that), whereupon he (the Prophet ﷺ) said: May Allah grant him deep understanding of religion.
(Sahih Muslim #2477)
If it was achievable by someone to do it themselves & from books to become an ‘alim, the Prophet ﷺ would have just told him to go to the market & get books. But instead he supplicated to Allah because He is the One who grants someone understanding.
Shaykh bin Baaz رحمه الله ‘s comments about some signs one can look for to see if they are among those who have been granted understanding of the religion:
If as soon as you read that verse it affects your heart, It jumps from your tongue to your heart. Anything Allah hates you hate. Anything Allah loves you love. You respect the sunnah, you respect the ulama, the prophets, the quran, the tahdeem (whatever comes from Allah). And you start watching out because you know Allah is watching you, your footsteps. This will push you to do the faraa’id anything Allah ordered you to do.
One of Allaah (SubhànaH’s) Names is Al M’oti (the Giver).
There is a connection between rain or water that it mentioned in the Qur’an and knowledge and there is a connection between the different types of land and the hearts. One kind of land, when the water hits it, you see grass, flowers, etc coming from that land. The same with the knowledge – when it hits certain hearts, you see the result or good actions coming from
The heart is the malik (king) and the limbs are the soldiers, carrying out the orders of the heart (the king). I think this is the analogy made by Ibnu’l Qayyim but someone can correct me if I am wrong.