The Legislated Takbirs for the Days of Tashrīq

In the name of Allāh, all praise belong to Allah and may the peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah, his family, companions and those that follow guidance, to proceed:

From the aspect of our persistent concern – if Allah wills – at Dār Abnā is-Salaf to connect our children to the Sunan of the Prophet ﷺ. We remind our children with the [different] wordings of the legislated Takbīr during the ten days of Dhul Hijjah, likewise for the days of Tashrēq and lastly on the day of Eīd ul-Fitr.

The first wording: the wording of Ibn Abbās – may Allah be pleased with both of them – reported by Ibn Abi Shaibah (1/489) with an authentic chain of narration, on ‘Ikrimah on the authority of Ibn Abbās, that he used to say the Takbīr from the Fajr prayer on the day of Arafat until the end of the days of Tashrēq, he did not use to say the Takbīr after Maghrib, he would say,

للَّهُ أَكْبَرُ كَبِيرًا، اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ كَبِيرًا، اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ وَأَجَلُّ، اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ وَلِلَّهِ الْحَمْدُ
Allahu Akbar Kabīrah, Allahu Akbar Kabīrah, Allahu Akbar wa Ajall, Allahu Akbar wa Lillāhil Hamd

Reported by al-Bayhaqi in al-Kubrah (3/441) Musaddad (Mutālab/797) at-Tabarāni in Fadl Ashr Dhil Hijjah with the wording:

اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ كبيرًا اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ وأجل، اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ على ما هدَانا
Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar Kabīrah Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar wa Ajall, Allahu Akbar ‘Alā Mā Hadānā.

The second wording is the wording of Salman – may Allah be pleased with him –
It has been reported by al-Bayhaqi in Baab il-Awqaat (227), al-Kubra (3/341) on the authority of Abi Uthmān an-Nahdi, that Salman – may Allah be pleased with him –  used to teach us the Takbīr by saying:

كَبِّرُوا: اللهُ أَكْبَرُ، اللهُ أَكْبَرُ كَبِيرًا، أَوْ قَالَ: تَكْبِيرًا، اللهُمَّ أَنْتَ أَعْلَى وَأَجَلُّ مِنْ أَنْ تَكُونَ لَكَ صَاحِبَةٌ، أَوْ يَكُونَ لَكَ وَلَدٌ،أَوْ يَكُونَ لَكَ شَرِيكٌ فِي الْمُلْكِ، أَوْ يَكُونَ لَكَ وَلِيٌّ مِنَ الذُّلِّ وَكَبِّرْهُ تَكْبِيرًا، اللهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لَنَا، اللهُمَّ ارْحَمْنَا
Kabbirū [Say the Takbīr]: Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar Kabīrah or he would say Takbīrah, Allahummah Anta A’alah wa Ajall Min an Takūn Laka Sāhibah, Aw Yakūn Laka Walad, Aw Yakūn Laka Sharīk Fill Mulk, Aw Yakūn Laka Walii mina-Dhulli Wa Kabbir-hu Takbīrah, Allahumm-agh-fir  Lana, Allahumm-ar-Hamna.

The third wording: the wording of Ibn Masūd Reported by Abu Yusuf in al-Āthār (297) with his chain (of narration), on the authority of Ibn Masūd – may Allah be pleased with him –  that he used to say the Takbīr saying,

اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ، وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ وَلِلَّهِ الْحَمْدُ
Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar Lā ilāha illallāh, wal-llāhu Akbar Allahu Akbar Wa-Lillāhil Hamd.

وصلى الله على محمد وآله وأصحابه وسلم
وكتب
أبو عبدالأعلى خالد بن محمد بن عثمان المصري
صباح الأربعاء 4 من ذي الحجة 1434‎

May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon Muhammad, his family and his companions.

Written by: Shaykh Abu Abdil A’la Khalid Ibn Muhammad Ibn Uthman al-Misri

Translated by: Nasir al-Hanbali

https://masjidnurallah.com/2016/09/05/the-legislated-takbirs-for-the-days-of-tashriq/

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