Explanation of The Three Fundamental Principles
To know Allah in detail is by way of the Messengers, which has come by way of the Sharee’ah, and that is derived from the Book and the Sunnah. In the Qur’aan Allah has explained many things and the greatest affair He has explained in the Qur’aan is the knowledge of Allah – what He has informed of Himself.
From what Allah has mentioned, we know that He has an Essence, He has Beautiful Names and Perfect Attributes, He is to be singled out alone in worship, He is above His Throne, He is distinct and separate from His creation, His Knowledge encompasses everything and all places, Allah is singled out as the Creator, He is Ar-Raaziq and it is He Who sustains the creation. Such detail has come to us by way of the revelation of the Qur’aan.
“Who is he that can provide for you if He should withhold His provision? Nay, but they continue to be in pride, and (they) flee (from the truth).” [Soorah al-Mulk 67:21]
In this is a proof that Allah is the Provider, He is the Creator and He is the One who sustains His creation. Likewise, we know from the Qur’aan that Allah is the highest is His Essence and He is the highest in His ability and power and likewise regarding His dominion. It is He who is dominating over His creation.
The fruit of such knowledge of Allah is that we will single out Allah alone in worship, and when we make supplication, we supplicate to Him alone and we have fear and hope regarding Allah (‘Azza wa Jall).
“And invoke not any other ilaah (god) along with Allah, Laa ilaaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He). Everything will perish save His Face. His is the Decision, and to Him you (all) shall be returned.” [Soorah al-Qasas 28:88]
وَمَعْرِفَةُ نَبِيِّهِ (and knowledge and awareness of His Prophet)
This is to know that the Prophet (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) is the Messenger of Allah. He was sent to all of mankind to take them out of darkness and bring them in to the light, by way of his guidance.
وَمَعْرِفَةُ دِينِ الإِسْلاَمِ بالأَدِلَّةِ (and knowledge and awareness of the religion of Islaam with the evidences)
Regarding his religion, it is upon the Muslim to know whether a verdict is something that is obligatory, prohibited, recommended or disliked, and he should know its proof as well.
In Usool al-Fiqh, the definition of fiqh is to have knowledge of the Islaamic legislation with its detailed proof.
Regarding knowledge of Islaam with its proofs, Shaykh ‘Ubayd al-Jaabiree (hafidhahullah) mentions that this is a principle that the Ulamaa` of Islaam have derived from the Book and the Sunnah. The essence of all forms of ‘ibaadah is prohibition except if there is a text from the Qur’aan, Sunnah and Ijmaa’. If there is nothing collected in any of this, it is not permissible for a person to carry out an act of worship. A person cannot worship or draw closer to Allah except by a text that is authentic and clear, and there is no room for a person’s own ijtihaad and intellect.
This proof must be taken from the Qur’aan, Sunnah or from the Ijmaa’ of the Salaf. The proof that the Deen is not based upon opinion is the tremendous statement of ‘Ali Ibn Abi Taalib (radhiyAllahu ‘anhu): “If Islaam was based purely on intellect, common sense would tell us to wipe under our feet but Islaam commands us to wipe the top of our feet.”
So this is clear proof that Islaam is not based on intellect but based upon following the Sunnah of the Prophet (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam).
Ahlus Sunnah and the Salafiyyoon weigh the speech of mankind and the actions of a person on the scale of the Qur’aan and Sunnah and Ijmaa’. If their actions and speech are in accordance to this scale, then we accept it but if their speech and action opposes it, we reject.
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