Ruling on women pronouncing Adhan and Iqamah
Q: Are women obliged to perform Adhan (call to Prayer) or Iqamah (call to start the Prayer) at the time of Salah (Prayer)?
A: Men are obliged to perform Adhan and Iqamah. This is Mashru` (Islamically permissible) for them, even if the man is alone, because Adhan and Iqamah are a collective obligation on a group of people – that is, if one of them performs it, the others are excused from this obligation. If one man performs Adhan and Iqamah, this will be enough. There was controversy concerning their obligation on one man as well as the person who should perform them, if it is only one man who should perform Adhan and Iqamah. As for women, they are not obliged to perform either Adhan or Iqamah, as the matter of calling to congregational Prayer is related to men only,
as well as that of informing the people of the times of Prayers. Women perform Salah at home, and are not obliged to that matter. We mean that women are not obliged to perform Adhan or Iqamah. They should start Salah with Takbir (saying: “Allahu Akbar [Allah is the Greatest]”) and perform it in the way men do. However, women are not obliged to perform Adhan or Iqamah because there is no evidence on this matter.
From the servant of Allah who is in need of Allah’s mercy,
Abu Abdis Salaam Siddiq Al Juyaanee